In the 1960’s, Impressionism was an avant-garde art movement that rejected the traditional ideas of art. To find a new way of seeing and understanding modern life, artists such as Monet and Renoir worked en plein air (painting outside) to capture the ever-changing effects of light and atmosphere found in nature. This painting style was based on the use of short, expressive brushstrokes and a vibrant color palette. These artists further pushed the boundaries of Impressionism by experimenting with printmaking methods. Impressionism laid the foundation for Modern art movements, such as Pointillism, Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, and Cubism.